For diagnostic purposes, we perform the following examinations:
Electroneurography This is a tool to measure nerve conduction velocities. One would typically do this in order to confirm nerve compression syndromes and other diseases of the peripheral nervous system like polyneuropathies.
Electromyography This method provides us with information on muscle function and changes which might be due to muscle disease (myopathy) or lesions of the peripheral nervous system (neuropathy, anterior horn disease). It helps to evaluate severity and acuity of damage.
Electroencephalography Records the electrical activity of neurons via electrodes from the scalp. Today, EEG is used almost exclusively in the diagnosis and monitoring of epilepsy.
Evoked Potentials Comprise visual (VEP), auditory (AEP), and somatosensory (SSEP) evoked potentials. After stimulation of the appropriate sensory modality, the evoked cortical responses are picked up from the skull above the respective cortical area to measure conduction times.
Ultrasound This painless and harmless investigation uses high-frquency ultrasound to test for narrowing of carotid and vertebral arteries.
Lumbar puncture This procedure will collect a small amount of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) taken from the lumbar region. We usually do this in order to check for acute or chronic inflammatory CNS diseases.